Strategi ‘Meminta Maaf’ Anak Usia Pra-Sekolah di Lembaga Pendidikan daQukids Semarang

Main Article Content

Ririn Setyowati

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to show the use of apologizing acts strategies by TK B Al-A’la students in daQukids educational institution of Semarang who are average five-year-old, in which they are the subjects of this research. Three steps in doing this research are stated. Firstly, prepare the data which consists of data collection. Data collection is done by a method named ‘simak’. Simak’s method is carried out by using Simak Bebas Libat Cakap technique (SBLC) in which it is done by recording and then transcribing. Conversational classification is based on the use of apologizing strategies by Al-A’la students. Secondly is data analysis by using the method of Padan Pragmatics to know apologizing acts from speaker to hearer. Thirdly, researcher presents the result of the analysis through the description of the data that have been analyzed. From the research, it is found that six strategies of apologizing acts are used, they are the  first strategies namely opting-out, second is evasive strategies, the third strategies is indirect apologies, the forth strategies is direct apologies, the fifth strategies is remedial support and the last is apologies as strategic disarmers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Setyowati, R. (2020). Strategi ‘Meminta Maaf’ Anak Usia Pra-Sekolah di Lembaga Pendidikan daQukids Semarang. Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 3(1), 87-101. https://doi.org/10.30872/diglosia.v3i1.56
Section
Articles

References

Aini, N. (2006). Variasi Tindak Tutur dalam kursus Panatacara Permadani Semarang. http://digilib.unnes.ac.id/gsdl/collect/skripsi/archives/HASH01a2/3568d97b.dir/doc.pdf
Austin, J. (1955). How to Do Things with Words. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brown, P. & Levinson, S. C. (1978). Politeness: Some Universals in Langusge Usage. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Chaer, A. (2003). Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.
Chaer, A. & Leonie, A. (2004). Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
Dardjowidjojo, S. (2000). ECHA: Kisah Pemerolehan Bahasa Anak Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Grasindo.
Dardjowidjojo, S. (2005). Psikolinguistik: Pengantar Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Gunarwan, A. (2007). Pragmatik: Teori dan Kajian Nusantara. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas AtmaJaya.
Holmes, J. (1995). Women, Men, and Politeness. England: Pearson Education Limited.
Holmes, J. (2001). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 2nd ed. England: Pearson Education Limited.
Kafka, P. (2008). ‘Demanding that Children Apologize May Undermine Important Lessons’. http://behavioural-psychology.suite101.com/article.cfm/forced_apologies
Kridalaksana, H. (2008). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Kushartanti, Y. & Lauder. (2007). Pesona Bahasa: Langkah Awal Memahami Linguistik. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Leech, G. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. England: Longman Group Limited.
Levinson, C. S. (1983). Pragmatics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Matthews, P. H. (2007). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. 2nded. New York: Oxford University Press.
Nadar, F. X. (2009). Pragmatik dan Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Owens, R. E. (1996). Language Development. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Rahardjo, M. (2002). Pengantar Penelitian Bahasa. Malang: PT. Cendikia Paramulya.
Searle, J. (1979). Expression and Meaning. Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Setiawan, S. (2005). Tindak Tutur dan Pilihan Kata dalam Bahasa Humor Rubrik Komedi Misteri pada Majalah Wahana Mistis Edisi Oktober-Desember 2004. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. Surabaya: JBSI FBS UNESA.
Silverman, D. (1993). Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text, and Interaction. London: SAGE Publication.
Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Yogyakarta: PT. Duta Wacana University Press.
Suyono. (1990). Pragmatik: Dasar-Dasar dan Pengajaran. Malang: YA3.
Tadjudin, Djajasudarma, T. F, & Wahya. (1999). Pemerolehan Bahasa Asing: Anak Bilingual Sunda-Indonesia di Kotamadya Bandung. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.
Trosborg, A. (1937). Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies. New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Tsui, A. B. M. (1994). English Conversation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Verhaar, J. W. M. (2008). Asas-Asas Linguistik Umum.Yogyakarta: UGM Press
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ziesing, M. I’m Sorry: A Cross-Cultural Exploration of Apologizing. http://www.ajarnmichael.com/ImSorry.html