Penyempitan Makna Amelioratif pada Nomina dalam Bahasa Inggris Ameliorative Semantic Narrowing of Noun Words in the English Language

Main Article Content

Erlan Aditya Ardiansyah


Semantic change is a language phenomenon which may be found in a society. A kind of semantic change which which is remarkable to be examined is semantic narrowing. A positive meaning namely amelioration may be discovered through semantic narrowing. In addition, semantic narrowing in English is frequently discovered i nouns. Therefore, factors which can stimulate the process are necessary to be elaborated. Aim of the study was to examine nouns’ ameliorative semantic narrowing in English. Methods applied in the study were descriptive synchronic-diachronic methods. The methods were used to describe portrayal relating to the condition in past and present. Data in the study were six nouns which were collected from the video clips relayed on the television programs. Semantic narrowing found in the study were caused by several factors: (a), meaning change due to environmental change (b) meaning change due to language users’ response, and (c) meaning change due to association. The results showed that semantic narrowing has a correlation with homonymy and polysemy. Therefore, meaning change may have related or non-related meaning from the previous meaning. Longer period of the process and the society agreement have become challanges which should be realized due to acceptance of the new meaning.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ardiansyah, E. A. (2020). Penyempitan Makna Amelioratif pada Nomina dalam Bahasa Inggris . Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 3(3), 331-340.


Altakhaineh, A. R. M. (2018). The Semantic Change of Positive vs. Negative Adjectives in Modern English. Lingua Posnaniensis, 60(2), 25-36.
Anam, M. K. & Nirmala. (2019). Semantic Changes of English Loanwords in Radar Kediri Daily Newspaper Headlines. Parole: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 9(2), 80-89.
Ardiansyah, E. A., Indriani, L. M., & Riyanto, S. (2014). Jargon Peretas yang Dibentuk melalui Proses Perluasan Makna. Humaniora, 26(3), 328-336.
Budhiono, H. R. (2017). Leksikon Alat dan Aktivitas Bertanam Padi dalam Bahasa Jawa. Kandai, 13(2), 235-248.
Cruse, A. (2006). A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd.
Dworkin, S. N. (2006). Recent Developments in Spanish (and Romance) Historical Semantics. In Selected Proceedings of the 8th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, ed. Timothy L. Face and Carol A. Klee, 50-57. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Encyclopedia Britanica. Abaca. (2020, March 2020). Retrieved from
Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nation. Abaca. (2020, March 2020). Retrieved from
Hidayati, Ilham, & Fani, F. (2018). Semantic Change Analysis on Film “The King’s Speech”. Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics, 11(2), 8-13.
Holmes, J. (2001). An introduction to sociolinguistics. USA: Longman.
Kartika. (2014). Proses Perubahan Kata anyar, ku, ti, keur, dan sok dalam Bahasa Sunda. Metalingua, 12(2), 187-194.
Kreidler, S. W. (2002). Introducing English Semantics. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Mahsun. (2005). Metode Penelitian Bahasa. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
Moehkardi, R., R. (2016). Patterns and Meanings of English Words through Word Formation Processes of Acronyms, Clipping, Compound and Blending Found in Internet-Based Media. Humaniora, 28(3), 324-338.
Online Etimology Dictionary. Accident. (2020, April 2020).
Pateda, M. (1996). Semantik leksikal. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Riemer, N. (2010). Introducing semantics. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
Saleh, R. (2017). Pergeseran makna dalam berita tentang sampah di GORIAU. Kandai, 12(1) 47–60.
Suryatin, E. (2014). Analisis Semantik Verba Bermakna 'Menyakiti' dalam Bahasa Banjar. Metalingua, 43(1), 43-56.
Suwarti & Budiyono. (2015). Struktur Semantik Soal Cerita Matematika untuk Siswa Kelas Rendah Sekolah Dasar. Litera, 14(2), 262-276.
Suyitno, I. (2017). The Cultural Meaning of Traditional Expressions in Daily Speech of Using Community at Banyuwangi. Humaniora, 29(2), 215-223.
Toupin, F. (2015). About Plural Morphology and Game Animals: from Old English to Present-Day English. Lexis, 9.
Wihadi, M., & Fauziah, S. (2019). Pinpointing semantic shifts in three diverse generations of Kuningan Region. English Journal Literacy UTama, 3(2), 89-94.