Main Article Content
This research uses a novel from two different countries, namely England and France, entitled Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens and Nobody's Boy by Hector Malot. Even though they were written in different countries and periods, both novels seem to be related to one another. This research utilizes the theory of intertextuality as a reference for understanding the relationship between the two novels. The social conflict theory from Karl Marx is also used to support the analysis. The method used is descriptive qualitative data sources from the two selected novels. Data collection techniques are based on things related to social conflict relationships in the novel, data collected in the form of words, phrases, and sentences from dialogue and narration. Then, data validation is done by selecting the most dominant data for intertextual analysis. Data analysis is then done by comparing the two texts as the relationship of hypogram and transformation. The results obtained are a link between the two novels in the form of interrelation between the structure of the story, which includes the background, characters and characterizations, and social conflict in the form of social disparity between the bourgeois and proletarian classes. The text of Nobody's Boy is a transformation from Oliver Twist, which gives a description and emphasis on social inequalities that occur even in years that differ greatly between the two so that from these results, it can be concluded that the two novels have an intertextual relationship in terms of influence.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Dickens, C. (1839). Oliver Twist. London: Richard Bentley.
Lestari S., F. N. (2016). Strategi Bertahan Dalam Novel Sans Famille Karya Hector Malot. Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Krippendorf. (1994). Analisis Isi: Pengantar Teori dan Metodologi. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
Kusuma, K. A. (2018). Pengakuan Calabai: Sebuah Analisis Intertekstual Novel Pasung Jiwa Karya Okky Madasari dan Novel Calabai Karya Pepi Al-Bayqunie. Jurnal Kata, 2(1). Retrieved from http://ejournal.lldikti10.id/index.php/kata/article/view/3148
Magnis, F. (1999). Pemikiran Karl Marx “Sosialisme Utopis Keperselisihan Revolusionism.” Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Malot, H. (1878). Nobody’s Boy. New York: Cupples & Leon Company.
Nurgiyantoro, B. (2012). Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.
Ratna, N. K. (2005). Sastra dan Cultural Studies. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Rizkiana, S. (2017). Kajian Intertekstual dan Nilai Pendidikan Novel Edensor Karya Andrea Hirata dan Novel 5 CM Karya Donny Dhirgantoro. Seminar Nasional Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya. Retrieved from https://sia.umpwr.ac.id/prosiding/index.php/bahtera/article/view/44
Rohman, S. (2012). Pengantar Metodologi Pengajaraan Sastra. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.
Samekto. (1975). Ikhtisar Sejarah Kesusasteraan Inggris. Jakarta: Daya Widya.
Saraswati, R. (2012). Aspek Religiositas dalam Dua Novel EricEmmanuel Schmitt: Monsieur Ibrahim and the Flowers of the Koran dan Oscar and the Lady in Pink. Jurnal Atavisme, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v15i1.54.140-147
Persulessy, S. I (2018). Makna Nilai Nilai Sosial dalam Novel Oliver Twist Karya Charles Dickens. Lingua Rima, 7(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.31000/lgrm.v7i2.879
Wicaksono, A. (2014). Pengkajian Prosa Fiksi. Jakarta: Garudhawaca.