Penerapan Pendekatan Word and Paradigm pada Proses Morfofonemik Verba Bahasa Turki An Application of the Word and Paradigm Approach to the Morphophonemic Process of Turkish Verbs

Main Article Content

Agus Subiyanto

Abstract

The Turkish language is one of the languages which people nowadays learn. The Turkish language belongs to agglutinative language with a slight border between words and their morpheme, yet it has a clear border amongst the morphemes. There is a vowel harmony in the Turkish language where the sound of the last vowel of the stem affects the vowel’s sound of the attached suffixes. The existence of the vowel harmony triggers the change of the sound of the attached morphemes which their function is as suffixes. This study analyzes the morphophonemic process of Turkish verbs using the Word and Paradigm approach. The data of this study are the oral data of Turkish verbs got from the social media of YouTube. The data are collected by observing and noting. The morphophonemic process affected by the change of the sound is later analyzed using the padan method and Word and Paradigm or WP approach from the data collection. Through the approach, the word-formation rules are made for later, the effectiveness of the Word and Paradigm approach is studied in the morphophonemic analysis of Turkish verbs. The results show that there are different kinds of word-formation, and the WP approach effectively analyses Turkish verbs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Makodamayanti, S., & Subiyanto, A. (2021). Penerapan Pendekatan Word and Paradigm pada Proses Morfofonemik Verba Bahasa Turki . Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 4(3), 275-286. https://doi.org/10.30872/diglosia.v4i3.181
Section
Articles: Language/Lingusitic Studies

References

Aronoff, M. (1985). Word formation in generative grammar. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Blevins, J. P. (2006). Word-based morphology. Journal of Linguistics, 42, 531–573. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226706004191
Booij, G. (2005). The grammar of words: An introduction to linguistic morphology. (K. Brown, E. V Clark, A. Mcmahon, J. Miller, & L. Milroy, Eds.). New York: Oxford University Press.
Bram, B. (2012). Three models of English morphology. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching Journal, 15(1), 179–185. https://doi.org/10.24071/llt.2012.150105
Celiktas, I. (2018). Learn Turkish (session-18): Simple past (affirmative) tense in Turkish-geçmiş zaman. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htm-idT9inE&t=424s
Celiktas, I. (2019). Learn Turkish (session-45): Verbal noun suffixes –mak,-mek/-ma,-me. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgk6A3ozWrs&t=378s
Coltekin, C. (2010). A freely available morphological analyzer for Turkish. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010) (pp. 820–827). Valetta, Malta: European Language Resources Association (ELRA). Retrieved from http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2010/pdf/109_Paper.pdf
Göksel, A., & Kerslake, C. (2005). Turkish: A comprehensive grammar. London: Routledge.
Language, T. (2018). Turkish language grammar infinitive imperative mek mak. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/gSagX5BUmrw
Lieber, R. (2009). Introducing morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Merrifield, W. R., Naish, C. M., Rensch, C. R., & Story, G. (Eds.). (2003). Laboratory manual for morphology and syntax (7th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
Nuari, T. R. (2019). Kursus bahasa Turki: Endonezyam-belajar bahasa Turki. Endonezyam.
Oflazer, K., Göçmmen, E., & Bozşahin, C. (1994). An outline of Turkish morphology (pp. 1–29).
Oktavia, W. (2019). Eskalasi Bahasa Indoglish dalam Ruang Publik Media Sosial. Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 2(2), 83-92. https://doi.org/10.30872/diglosia.v2i2.20
Pycha, A., Inkelas, S., & Sprouse, R. (2007). Morphophonemics and the lexicon: A case study from Turkish. In M.-J. Sole, P. S. Beddor, & M. Ohala (Eds.), Experimental Approaches to Phonology (pp. 369–385). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Seyhan, M. (2013a). Online Turkish lesson basic 2 part 1. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/rlNjSkp_Ed8
Seyhan, M. (2013b). Online Turkish lesson basic 2 part 2 positive present tense. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/frfKeqP8dbY
Seyhan, M. (2015). Online Turkish lesson basic 3 part 23 geçmiş zaman simple past tense verbs. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6GU3ysOexME&t=21s
Subiyanto, A. (2019). A word and paradigm approach on word formations : A case study on Javanese verbs. Proceedings of International Conference on Southeast Asian Maritime World, (2019), 15–21.
Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa: Pengantar penelitian wahana kebudayaan secara linguistis. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.
Wardah, N., & Subiyanto, A. (2019). Morphophonemic Analysis on Postpositional Affixes in Kamano Language of Papua New Guinea : An Item and Process Approach. Parole: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 9(2), 90–100. https://doi.org/10.14710/parole.v9i2.90-100
Yavuz, H., & Balcı, A. (2011). Turkish phonology and morphology. (Z. Balpınar, Ed.). Anadolu University.